Terminology Sheets

*All highlighted text is for white belts to learn as terms may be asked in the grading*

 

STANCES (DACHI / TACHI)

Musubi Dachi   bowing stance feet out 45°

Fudo Dachi rooted stance

Hachiji Dachi natural stance

Hidari Gamae left stance

Kiba Dachi straddle stance

Kokutsu Dachi back stance

Migi Gamae right stance

Neko Ashi Dachi cat stance

Sanchin Dachi hour glass stance

Shiko Dachi square stance

Shizentai natural stance

Sochin Dachi immovable stance same as Fudo Dachi

Zenkutsu Dachi forward stance

 

BLOCKS (UKE)

Chudan Uchi Uke middle block to inside

Gedan Barai lower sweeping block

Haishu Uke back hand block

Hiji Uke elbow block

Jodan Age Uke upward rising block

Juji Uke X block

Nagashi Uke deflecting block

Shuto Uke knife hand block

Soto Uke outside block to inside

Sukui Uke scooping block

 

KICKS (GERI)

Ash Barai foot sweep

Fumikomi stamping kick

Hiza Geri knee kick

Kakatogeri heel kick

Kingeri kick with top of foot to groin

Kizamigeri snap kick (front leg)

Maegeri front kick (back leg)

Mawashigeri roundhouse kick

Mikazukigeri crescent kick

Nidan Geri double jump kick (Jodan, Chudan)

Tobi Geri jump kick

Ushirogeri back kick

Yokogeri side kick

 

PUNCHES (ZUKI / TSUKI)

Chokuzuki straight punch

Gyakuzuki reverse punch

Junzuki following punch

Kagizuki hook punch

Kizami zuki jab punch

Mawashizuki roundhouse punch

Oizuki pursuing punch or lunge punch (Jun zuki)

Renzuki alternate punch front / back

Tate zuki vertical punch

Ura zuki reverse side punch (uppercut)

Yama Zuki mountain punch or U punch

Yumi zuki bow punch (kata Jion)

 

STRIKES (UCHI / ATE)

Empi Uchi elbow strike 

Haishu Uchi back hand strike

Haito Uchi ridge hand strike

Hiji Ate elbow strike

HIraken Uchi fore knuckle fist

Ippon Ken – first knuckle fist (index finger)

Ippon Nukite one finger spear hand

Kakuto Uchi crane head strike (old wrist block koken)

Keito Uchi chicken head wrist strike

Nakadaka Ippon Ken middle finger knuckle fist

Nihon Nukite two finger spear hand

Otoshi Uchi dropping strike (kata Empi)

Shihon Nukite four fingers spear hand

Shuto Uchi knife hand strike

Tate Uraken Uchi vertical backfist strike

Teisho Uchi palm heel strike

Tetsui Uchi hammer fist strike

Uraken Uchi back fist strike

 

GENERAL TERMS

Aritsu move

Dan rank or master grade

Dojo place of the way / training hall

Gi uniform

Gohon Gumite 5 point sparring

Ippon Gumite 1 point sparring

Jiyu kumite free fighting

Kai school

Kan hall

Karate empty hand

Kata set form

Keage snap (yoko geri keage)

Kekomi thrust (yoko geri kekomi)

Kiai spirit shout

Kimi focus

Kiritsu stand

Kyu rank, class, student grade

Makiwara training post

Mawatte turn

Mokuso meditation

Morote double / augmented

Nami Ashi / Nami Gaeshi returning wave leg seen in kata Tekki Shodan

Naore feet together

Obi belt

Otaga Ni Rei bow to each other 

Rei bow

Sanbon Gumite 3 point sparring

Seiken strike with the first two knuckles

Seiretsu line up

Seiza kneeling

Sensei instructor or teacher

Sensei Ni Rei bow to teacher

Tameshiwari breaking techniques

Tatami mat

Waza technique

Yoi move to ready stance

Zanshin awareness

 

LEVELS AND DIRECTIONS

Chudan middle area

Gedan lower area

Jodan upper area

Hidari right

Mae forward

Migi left

Naname diagonal

Soto outside

Uchi inside

Ushiro backwards 

Yoko sideways

 

KUMITE TERMS

Ai Uchi simultaneous technique

Awasete Ippon two half points making one full point

Chui warning

Gachi / Kachi victory or decision

Hajime begin

Hansoku violation of the rules

Hantai winning

Hikiwake draw

Ippon one full point

Mate stop

Shomen Ni Rei bow to the front

Tsuzukete continue

Waza Ari half point

Yame finish

 

COUNTING

Ichi 1               Ni 2                 San 3

Shi 4                Go 5                Roku 6

Shichi 7           Hachi 8            Ku 9

Ju 10